RADIOACTIVE-IODINE treatment | Post-Ablative Hypothyroidism |

What Is PostAblative Hypothyroidism?

Post-ablative Hypothyroidism is a kind of another stage of Hypothyroidism. When the patients are actually experiencing from Hypothyroidism disease, they can slowly transform into a postablative stage, this is the serious stage and maybe even life-threatening. RAI (radioactive iodine) is the only possible treatment to reduce the chances of death. Patients who reach this stage may develop from an overactive situation to an interactive state in which RAI can help to heal the effective process. {1} 

Post-ablative Hypothyroidism basically needs the full complete treatment of radioactive iodine. In which Doctors prescribe the 131-iodine dose to the patients and the dose will help to distribute a fair amount of beta radiation. This radiation will automatically help to wipe out the certain overactive follicular cells. And they have the capacity to collect and releasing overeating amount of thyroid hormones inside the body. {2}

RadioActive Iodine Therapy And Its Side-Effects

Your body maybe will give off the overall radiation for some more time after you get RAI therapy. This is also depending on the dose of actual radioiodine used and where you are implying treated, you may need to stay a while in the hospital for a few or more days after treatment, staying in a special retreat room to prevent others from being shown to radiation. Some people still not feel comfortable while going to be hospitalized.

Once you are allowed to go home after treatment, you will be provided with some normal instructions to further protect others from radiation illness. And also how long you need to take these precautions as well. These directions may very lightly by the treatment center. Be sure you read the guidance before you leave the hospital. {3}

Short-term side effects of RAI treatment may include:
  • Neck swelling and tenderness
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Tenderness and swelling of the salivary glands
  • Dry mouth
  • Taste changes
  • Dry eyes
What you have to prevent from such side-effects, start to chewing gum or sucking on those hard candies may possibly help with salivary gland problems. Radioiodine treatment also decreases tear production in some people. {4}
Both men and women who have gone through RAI therapy may have a slightly raised chances and risk of producing leukemia in the future. Doctors disagree on accurately how much this risk is increased, but most of the extensive studies have found that this is an extremely rare complication. Some analysis even recommends the risk of leukemia may not be significantly increased. {5}

Precautions Following RAI

In overall, there are three types of basic laws to keep in mind to decrease radiation exposure to others:
  • DISTANCE: Create as much distance as possible from others, the more distance is, the fewer radiation others will receive. You will also be advised to sleep alone as much as you can for the very first few days after your treatment. During this period, you should have to avoid kissing or sexual intercourse. Also try to avoid prolonged physical contact with others, particularly children, and pregnant women. 
  • TIME: Radiation exposure to others actually depends on you and how long you continue in close contact with them. You will be directed to reduce the time spent in close contact with others. Try to drink plenty of liquids, such as water or juices, to help you urinate frequently. This will also help to flush out all the toxins as well.
  • HYGIENE: Good hygiene lessens the possibility of contaminating others. Guidelines are to wash your hands with soap and plenty of water each time you go to the toilet. Keep the toilet very clean. Also, flush the toilet two or three times after each use. Rinse the bathroom sink and tub thoroughly after using them to reduce the chance of exposing others to the radioisotope in your saliva and sweat. {{6}
Always take good care of yourself and the loved ones you have, these small precautions may help you further to fight with this severe disease. Always concern with your Doctor if you have any inquiry related to the treatment.